Iraq: People and Society (population, languages, religions, literacy statistics, etc.)

From the CIA World Factbook.

Ethnic groups:

Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%

Religions:

Muslim (official) 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%

note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam HUSSEIN regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon

Languages:

Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian

Population:

30,399,572 (July 2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 39

Age Structure:

0-14 years: 38% (male 5,882,682/female 5,678,741)

15-64 years: 58.9% (male 9,076,558/female 8,826,545)

65 years and over: 3.1% (male 435,908/female 499,138) (2011 est.)

Median Age:

total: 20.9 years

male: 20.8 years

female: 21 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate:

2.399% (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 31

Birth Rate:

28.81 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 44

Death Rate:

4.82 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 193

Urbanization:

urban population: 66% of total population (2010)

rate of urbanization: 2.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major Cities, Population:

BAGHDAD (capital) 5.751 million; Mosul 1.447 million; Erbil 1.009 million; Basra 923,000; As Sulaymaniyah 836,000 (2009)

Maternal Mortality Rate:

75 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)

Infant Mortality Rate:

total: 41.68 deaths/1,000 live births

country comparison to the world: 62

male: 45.93 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 37.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 70.55 years

country comparison to the world: 145

male: 69.15 years

female: 72.02 years (2011 est.)

Physicians density:

0.69 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

HIV/AIDS—Adult prevalence:

less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

country comparison to the world: 136

Major Infectious Diseases:

degree of risk: intermediate

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 74.1%

male: 84.1%

female: 64.2% (2000 est.)

School life expectancy:

total: 10 years

male: 11 years

female: 8 years (2005)

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One response to “Iraq: People and Society (population, languages, religions, literacy statistics, etc.)

  1. Pingback: a pause for the sake of chronology: | Iraq Revolt – New School U. student blog

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